Papillomas on the neck are elongated or rounded growths that are often caused by HPV (human papillomavirus). It is impossible to completely eliminate this infection from the body; various excision methods are much more accessible.
In addition to the problem of elimination, questions arise about preventing the onset and recurrence of the disease, strengthening the immune system. The infection can lead to an increase in the size of neoplasms and an increase in their number.
Very often, people with suppressed immunity between the ages of 30 and 40 suffer from the manifestations of the papillomavirus.
Symptoms of HPV
Papillomavirus can have the following manifestations:
- Warts- Warts with irregular edges, similar to cauliflower.
- Warts- small growths on the skin.
- Bowenoid Papulosis- multiple small eruptions.
Important!Many people believe that polyps in the intestines are the cause of growths on the neck and armpits, but this is a misconception.
Reasons for the appearance
Polyps overgrowth causes HPV. It is quite widespread and occurs in more than 70% of the population.
The incubation period for papillomavirus can be up to several years, so a person can be a carrier of the virus without even knowing it.
Papillomavirus manifests itself as growths on the neck as a result of the influence of certain factors:
- Impaired immunity. . . This is the main cause of neoplasms, which occurs in all patients. The regularity of colds increases, the remission process is long-term.
- Gastrointestinal tract disorders.caused, among other things, by intoxication, dysbiosis or intestinal infections.
- Allergic exacerbations. . . The human body spends a lot of energy in resistance to the allergen, so HPV can be activated.
- Metabolic diseases, including diabetes mellitus, obesity, gout.
- Stressful situations. . . Conditions such as overexcitement of the nervous system are inevitably accompanied by the depletion of the body's resources and create a favorable environment for the reproduction of the virus.
Important!Papillomavirus can remain viable outside the human body for some time, especially in an environment with sufficiently high humidity. Therefore, it is important to follow the hygiene rules on the beach, steam room, swimming pool, sauna or gym.
Ways to infect children
Papillomavirus can enter a child's body in the following ways:
- Congenital. . . The disease is transmitted from the mother during fetal development or during childbirth.
- Contact and home. . . A child becomes infected with an HPV carrier through toys, common dishes, physical contact, underwear.
- Autoinfection. . . A common way when personal hygiene is not followed. Infection is possible if a child burrs and bites his nails, picks up dry sores, and does not wash his hands.
Children are often infected in preschool institutions, which is facilitated by a large number of contacts. In addition, the appearance of neoplasms on the neck causes high air humidity, which is why an infection is possible after visiting the pool or bath.
Forms of infection for adults.
In adults, there are more sources of infection. They can get the virus through:
- Home furniture. . .
- Handshake. . .
- As a resultsexual contacts. . .
- Infection also occurs throughcuts,cracksorerosionon the skin.
- Active virions appear in the neck, usually due todysfunction of blood microcirculationas a result of wearing a tight bra, scarves, tight clothing. . .
- Increased sweating withusing various cosmetics in the cleavage areacreates favorable conditions for the spread of HPV. Under its action, the cells of the epidermis grow rapidly, giving rise to the appearance of papillomas.
Important!The human papillomavirus often penetrates through personal hygiene items, so eyebrow tweezers, manicure / pedicure sets, and a razor should be strictly individual.
Types of papillomas
Papillomas may have a different appearance, depending on the type of neoplasm or its size. There are large or small, single or multiple growths, located locally or in clusters that cover the entire neck.
The appearance of papillomas is possible absolutely anywhere on the neck, and over time they can spread to the chest and face, armpits, arms and back. Such changes mean the active multiplication of the virus and the progression of the disease, insufficient immune strength.
The growth of the skin can differ in structure, therefore, there are:
- Department- the neoplasms rise above the skin, have a yellowish, pinkish or brown color. Small papillomas usually appear on the neck, no more than 5 mm in diameter.
- Filiform- First, a yellowish lump appears, which lengthens and grows, transforming into a leg with a ball at the end. It looks like a drop.
- Vulgaroreasy, usually called warts: round, brown growths appear on the neck, rising a few millimeters above the skin.
The type of papilloma depends on the type and activity of the virus, and the resistance of the body determines the number and size of the formations.
The diagnosis takes into account the characteristic appearance. Usually the body of the neoplasm is attached to the body with a thin leg, sometimes resembling flat warts. However, to make a more accurate diagnosis, a smear or scraping is done, allowing you to examine the biomaterial for virus particles.
At this stage, not only is the virus determined, but the risk of degeneration of the papilloma into a malignant neoplasm is also predicted.
Before starting treatment for papilloma on the neck, it is recommended to consult a dermatovenerologist, since HPV can have oncogenic properties, and in the case of a malignant form, home therapy is contraindicated.
To get rid of papilloma, you can use special pharmaceuticals. However, handling such medications requires extreme caution, as it is strongly recommended to avoid contact with healthy skin.
Careless use of the product can cause burns, scars, keloid scars.
At home, the following modern means can be used to treat papillomas:
- Cauterizing solutions.Apply promptly with a wooden stick or toothpick. For the treatment of small formations with a diameter of no more than 2 millimeters, a single use of the product is sufficient.
To remove larger growths, the solution is applied 3-4 times, 1 layer is applied, then they wait for it to dry and repeat the procedure.
- A mixture of dimethyl ether and propane.The principle of action of the tool is cryotherapy. The drug is applied to the papilloma with an applicator (after use it is thrown away), usually one application is enough. The kit includes 12 applicators, so you can use it to treat multiple growths at once.
If there is no result after just one application, you can repeat the procedure 2 more times.
- Special plaster for papillomas, which contains salicylic acid and sulfur in the composition. Its action has a keratolytic effect.
Before treating growths with a plaster, you should steam the skin after taking a warm bath. The cast should be kept for two days. The neoplasia can disappear immediately with the cast, and if it remains on the neck, you should steam your skin and rub it lightly with a hard cloth or pumice stone.
- Salicylic acid- ointment and 10% solution. The solution is sprinkled with a match, daily until the formation softens. After your treatment, it is recommended to apply a bandage for several hours.
Salicylic acid ointment is applied in a thin layer, then covered with a napkin and fixed with a bandage. The duration of therapy is usually 2-3 weeks, procedures should be performed every 2 days.
Important!To avoid damaging healthy tissue during application of the solutions, the adjacent area should be treated with zinc paste. After the procedure, it can be easily removed with gauze.
Withdrawal at the clinic
If the growth increases sharply, this is a sign that you should contact a specialized clinic, since no doctor can immediately determine the causes of growth. The reasons for the worsening of the situation are always individual and are identified by blood tests and biopsy.
There are several methods for the clinical removal of papillomas:
- Cryodestruction.This method consists of freezing the papilloma at low temperatures.
The procedure is performed with a cotton swab soaked in liquid nitrogen, which is applied to the neoplasm for a few seconds. The procedure produces unpleasant and somewhat painful sensations, however, it is quite tolerable. No anesthesia is applied.
A day later, at the cauterization site, you can see a bladder, which must be opened independently with a needle from a disposable syringe, having previously treated the skin with an antiseptic. Then for a week the wound should be treated with bright green twice a day.
- Laser surgery.This is a modern and painless method that does not involve contact of medical instruments and skin. The laser beams cauterize the polyp, simultaneously stopping bleeding and disinfecting the growth site. The procedure does not cause complications and does not leave scars or burns.
- Electrocoagulation.The accumulation is burned by the electric current. On the third day after the procedure, a dry scab appears that falls off in a week.
The advantages of this method include the possibility of a histological examination of the papilloma.
- Plasma coagulation.The papilloma is removed with a plasma beam. The neoplasm evaporates slowly, by 0. 1 mm, when exposed to a bactericidal ozone flux. This is a non-contact method of treatment that excludes infection from the injury site.
After the procedure, it is forbidden to steam the skin, moisten the site of the removed polyp, remove the crust that has appeared, and exclude the sun's rays.
The regeneration process can be accelerated by lubricating the neck with an antiseptic. You can also use an antibacterial powder for external use.
The following are considered effective methods for removing neoplasms:
- Celandine infusion of dried herbs, tender potato sprouts and thuja sprouts. . . All ingredients should be taken in equal proportions and filled with alcohol. Insist for about 2 weeks, after which the growths are lubricated once a day. In this case, you need to apply the product, wait until they dry, then repeat the manipulation.
- Juice of freshly cut celandine, string, dandelion or chaga. . . They are applied several times a day until the formation softens. Next, the treated area must be sealed with a plaster cast. You can also use castor oil, sour apple pomace, ammonia.
- Infusioncelandine and olive oil. . . The herb should be collected during the flowering period, cut into pieces and filled with oil in a 1: 1 ratio. The remedy is insisted for a month. Papillomas should be lubricated at least 4 times a day.
- An effective anti-inflammatory agent isherbal infusion: horsetail, nettle, lemon balm, dandelion root and plantain leaves. . . For cooking, pour 3 tablespoons of boiling water with a liter. l. dry pickup. Take 20 g before meals for 10 days.
It is also recommended to use decoctions that enhance immunity and have a tonic effect. For example, decoctions of echinacea and rose hips are useful.
The scheme of any treatment must be agreed with a specialist. He will draw up a course in such a way as to include the removal of papillomas from the patient's neck and taking antiviral drugs.
Removing the hardware alone will not bring a permanent result and the neoplasms will return after a while. And the use of only antiviral agents will not allow you to quickly remove the growths, since the removal of this virus from the body is a very difficult process.
An important step in treating HPV is strengthening the human immune system. For this, various teas, infusions (chamomile, echinacea, rose hip, lemon, currants) and pharmacy vitamin complexes are suitable.
Treatment should start with concomitant chronic diseases, if any, then it is easier for the body to deal with the virus without wasting energy on solving minor problems.
Also, growths should not be plucked, pierced, or cut. However, if this still happened, then it is necessary to take all measures to avoid getting the infection:
- Wash your hands.
- Take a cotton pad, moisten it with 3% hydrogen peroxide.
- Next, you need to put the disk in the wound, soak it well.
- You can apply a special antiseptic to the wound.
- Cover the affected area with a bactericidal plaster.
If you have not started treatment and only plan to visit a doctor, it is best to keep the torn papilloma so that the doctor can examine it and establish HPV parameters.
If the growths itch and the skin around them hurts, you should inform your doctor. These symptoms may be evidence of degeneration of the formation into a malignant tumor. In this case, current treatment measures may be ineffective and require replacement.
Papillomavirus can cause complications. These complications not only cause a feeling of discomfort, but can also pose a serious threat to human life and health.
These complications include:
- Inflammation of the papilloma.- with the inflammation of the wart, the skin around it swells, becomes red, the person feels discomfort and pain. This phenomenon must be eliminated and the most common ones can help with this.hygiene products-peroxideYsoapas well as on the neck must fallFresh air. . .
- Papilloma lesion- a perforated, torn or cut wart is dangerous with the risk of infection and the appearance of an inflammatory process. Frequent lesions can also contribute to the degeneration of healthy skin cells in cancers.
- Malignancy- the process of transition of papillomas to a malignant form, as a result of which the appearance of a cancerous tumor is possible. If left untreated, it can affect lymph and blood flow and spread to healthy skin on the neck.
It is impossible to completely protect yourself from human papillomavirus infection. It easily penetrates the human body and parasitizes, generally without manifesting itself in any way and without causing discomfort.
To reduce the risk of infection, the following rules should be followed:
- Clean your hands and neck regularly with antibacterial wipes.
- Keep your hands clean at all times. Wash them after visiting public restrooms, air dry or dry with disposable towels.
- Don't wear someone else's clothes or slippers, don't wear someone else's bathroom accessories.
- Take care of your skin: heal micro-injuries and remove burrs in a timely manner.
In summary, it should be noted that today there is no therapy for the radical elimination of papillomavirus from the human body. However, the growths that appear due to HPV infection can be cured with hardware, pharmaceutical and folk methods.
Simultaneously with the main course of treatment, it is necessary to carry out a general improvement of the body: increase physical activity, strengthen immunity, stop drinking alcohol and smoking.