Warts on the body are caused by an infection with the human papillomavirus (HPV). The nature of the neoplasms, the structure and the localization area are closely related to the modification of the virus. These characteristics must be taken into account when choosing a remedy for warts. Correctly selected therapy regimen will help stop the spread of the virus and prevent the risk of repeated relapses.
Reasons for the appearance
Warts and papillomas are caused by various strains of the virus, differ in a variety of shapes, shades and sizes, form on various parts of the body, or infect mucous membranes. The pathogen enters the body on contact through minor damage to the epidermis (small wounds, scratches, abrasions). Reproduction of the virus occurs in the lower basal layer of the epithelium. By stimulating infected cells to actively divide, it causes the epidermis to grow. As a result, characteristic growths appear on the skin, prone to spreading and relapse.
The virus is activated only when the body's defenses are weakened. A strong immune system successfully destroys infected cells and suppresses the multiplication of HPV. As a result, the pathogen goes into "sleep" mode and wakes up only under certain conditions. For example, after past illnesses, severe stress, severe hypothermia and other unfavorable factors.
Warts on the face or open areas of the body do not look aesthetically pleasing, they cause psychological problems. If the growth is accidentally damaged, there is a threat of malignancy (malignant transformation). Therefore, experts recommend getting rid of viral formations with the help of special drugs or hardware methods. The dermatologist will recommend an effective remedy for warts, taking into account the type and structure of the neoplasm, the localization area and other individual characteristics of the patient.
Remedies for papillomas and warts in pharmacy.
The doctor will prescribe pharmaceuticals after a diagnostic test. If papillomavirus infection is confirmed, a treatment regimen is selected that includes the following groups of drugs:
- Antivirals: they work to destroy the virus, block its reproduction and spread.
- Immunomodulator: strengthens the immune system, stimulates the body to fight the virus.
- Keratolytic - preparations from this group soften and exfoliate the upper stratum corneum of neoplasms.
- Necrotizing (mummifying) agents based on aggressive acids or alkalis with cauterizing effect.
- Cryopreparations: they destroy the tissues of neoplasms due to exposure to cold.
Treatment of warts and papillomas should be comprehensive. It is important not only to get rid of skin manifestations, but also to eliminate the very cause of the pathology. Only in this case is it possible to prevent the spread of the virus and the reappearance of new formations.
Remedies for warts in the pharmacy come in different dosage forms: gels and ointments, alcohol and aqueous solutions, plasters, tablets, sprays with a freezing substance inside.
The best remedies for warts.
How to make the right decision and get the most effective drug? This will help a consultation with a dermatologist and an overview of popular drugs used in the treatment of neoplasms of a viral nature.
Antiviral and immunostimulating drugs.
The treatment of warts and papillomas should begin with the elimination of the pathogen that causes the proliferation of pathological cells. For this purpose, the patient is prescribed drugs, the action of which is aimed at fighting the virus and increasing the body's resistance.
Medications can cause side effects on the nervous, genitourinary and digestive systems, therefore, when taking the tablets, you must strictly follow the instructions.
The most famous and inexpensive remedy with keratolytic, anti-inflammatory and antiseptic effect is an ointment containing salicylic acid. Ointment therapy should be regular and prolonged. It is necessary to process the growths up to three times a day, followed by the application of a bandage that enhances the effect of the drug. This remedy has few contraindications, but sometimes side effects occur during the application process: burning sensation, itching, the appearance of rashes. Before the next application, the softened top layer of the growth should be removed and the skin cleaned with an antiseptic solution.
A special patch is good not only for calluses and corns, but also in the fight against painful plantar warts. The substance, applied on a paper base, is made up of sulfur and salicylic acid, which provides a disinfecting and exfoliating effect.
Such a patch is very convenient to use, it is enough to fix it on the growth. Then you only need to change it every 2 days, each time removing the softened stratum corneum from the wart. Sulfur, which penetrates the wart tissues, causes the death of the infected cells and the growth gradually dries up. This remedy works quite slowly. It will take at least 2 weeks to remove a small wart.
Means for removing papillomas and warts with a necrotizing effect are considered the most effective. They contain a combination of acids or alkalis that cause tissue necrosis. As a result, the wart or papilloma dies and disappears in a short time. These are aggressive products that, if used incorrectly, can cause chemical burns. Before using such drugs, the skin around the neoplasm should be treated with petroleum jelly, zinc ointment, or covered with a plaster.
A topical solution that contains a combination of acids (lactic, nitric, acetic, and oxalic) is effective against warts. The drug is intended for the removal of various forms of warts and papillomas. This product is produced in ampoules with a volume of 2 ml. Care should be taken when using it: contact with healthy skin can cause burns.
The penetration of the solution into pathological tissues causes their dehydration and mummification. A slight burning sensation during processing, followed by a change in the color of the build-up to dark brown, indicates that the drug is working. In just a few days, the wart dies and disappears. In this case, the active substances in the solution act only locally, do not penetrate the systemic circulation and do not have a toxic effect on the body.
When using the solution, you must follow the instructions exactly, without exceeding the indicated doses, otherwise it may lead to damage to the deep tissues of the dermis. The drug should not be used to treat multiple neoplasms, inflamed warts, or genital warts. Avoid contact with the solution on skin and mucous membranes.
Before application, the build-up should be steamed, the top layer removed and dried with an alcohol solution. Then use the applicator to gently treat the wart. If the neoplasm has not darkened, the procedure should be repeated. To accelerate the disappearance of a pathological formation, it is recommended to additionally wipe it with alcohol for several days. The dry scab that forms on the wart site cannot be pulled off; otherwise, a scar may remain in this place. After a few days, the scab will fall off on its own.
An alkaline solution with celandine has a cauterizing and mummifying effect based on sodium hydroxide and bicarbonate chloride. The active substances burn the wart tissues, cause necrosis and rejection of their tissues. The solution is applied to the previously vaporized and cleaned outgrowth and left until completely absorbed.
To remove a small neoplasm, a three-day treatment is sufficient. Soon the wart will darken, dry out, and fall off. This remedy is best for removing plantar growths or warts on the hands.
Several drugs have a similar cauterizing and necrotic effect.
You can use antiseptics with a cauterizing effect based on silver nitrate. The advantages of these tools are availability, security, and ease of use.
Silver nitrate exhibits powerful bactericidal and antiseptic properties, inhibits the reproduction of the papillomavirus, destroys pathological formations due to the coagulation of cellular proteins. Before using the pencil, you should lightly moisten its tip with water and then carefully treat the build-up. This eliminates the risk of accidental ingestion of chemicals into healthy tissue. The wart needs to be treated daily until it turns black and falls off.
The principle of action of drugs in this group is similar to the method of removing warts with liquid nitrogen (cryodestruction). Pathological tissues are exposed to low temperatures, which results in their destruction. Cryopreparations for home use are produced in the form of aerosol cans with a special applicator for applying the freezing composition.
Cryopreparation cannot be used to remove warts on the skin of the face, neck, in the area of the mammary glands or genitals. Freezing agents should be used according to directions. Increasing the exposure time is prohibited, as it is possible to deeply damage the dermis and cause scar formation.
Folk remedies for warts.
In addition to pharmaceutical preparations, viral neoplasms can be eliminated with folk remedies. For this, alkali or acid solutions are used, medicinal plant-based agents are used.
Celandine juice exhibits powerful antiseptic and antiviral properties. By penetrating the wart tissue, it cauterizes and destroys infected cells, suppressing the spread of the virus. When harvesting a plant, it should be borne in mind that celandine is poisonous, and contact of the juice with unprotected skin can cause burns. To remove a wart or papilloma, you need to squeeze the juice from the cut of the plant, apply it to the growth, and wait until it dries completely. Repeat the treatment until the formation dries.
For the treatment of warts, fresh celandine juice or products based on it are used: tincture, oil, ointment. You can make them yourself or buy them at the pharmacy. More information on popular recipes and methods of treatment with celandine can be found in the article on our website dedicated to this topic.
The papilloma virus is destroyed in an acidic environment, so it is recommended to use vinegar (table, apple cider) to combat warts. You can simply apply it daily on the growth or make compresses. To do this, moisten a gauze napkin with vinegar, apply it on the wart, secure it with a plaster and leave it for 2-3 hours.
To combat skin growths at home, you can use essential oils (lemon, tea tree), aloe extract or juice, onion, garlic. Papillomavirus does not like alkaline environments. For daily processing, a sodium bicarbonate solution is recommended, which will dry out the neoplasm and suppress further growth of pathological tissues.
The use of any means for the treatment of papillomas and warts should be approached with caution. Many of them are aggressive and, if used incorrectly, can cause unwanted complications. It is better to first consult with a dermatologist, clarify the diagnosis, and only then proceed with medical procedures.